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  • Writer's pictureAlejandro Gonzalez

How to become a Canadian citizen.

Updated: Mar 23

Find out what you need to achieve to acquire your Canadian citizenship.

People getting their Canadian citizenship
Canadian citizenship ceremony

As a Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant, I come across the question regarding how to become a Canadian citizen quite often.

As I always said, this is a trip, so we must plan it carefully.

What is permanent residency in Canada?

As per Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada states, a permanent resident is an individual who has been given permanent resident status by immigrating to Canada but is not a Canadian citizen. Permanent residents are citizens of other countries.

If you are a person in Canada temporarily, like a student or foreign worker, you are not a permanent resident yet.

What do you need to do to apply for the Canadian Citizenship?

To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must:

  1. Be a permanent resident of Canada.

  2. Have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last five years.

  3. have filed your taxes.

  4. Pass a citizenship test.

  5. Prove your language skills.

Generally speaking, once you have met these requirements, you are good to proceed to apply for your Canadian citizenship. If you send a completed application, you will receive a confirmation letter, and Refugee and Immigration Canada will assign you a date for your citizenship test.

Some people have been asked to attend a verification interview, but these are some exceptions.

Passing the citizenship test may allow you to perform your oath of ceremony as the following step in the citizenship process.

What is the Oath of Citizenship?

It is a formal declaration of your loyalty to Canada.

You promise to abide by the laws and customs of Canada. You must perform this declaration before a Canadian Immigration Judge; during the ceremony, you pledge your allegiance and loyalty to Canada.

Furthermore, you will also sign the oath or affirmation of citizenship form and receive your citizenship certificate at the ceremony, or it will be mailed to you whether the ceremony was performed online.

The Canadian citizenship ceremony is the last step all applicants must attend to become Canadian citizens.

All adults and children 14 or older becoming Canadian citizens must attend the ceremony and take the oath. For children under 14 years old, attendance at the ceremony is optional.

Canada is one of the best places in the world to raise a family.
Family in Canada

How can I start my immigration pathway to acquire Canadian citizenship?

You can be granted permanent residency status if you qualify for one of the Canadian immigration programs, such as:

  1. Express Entry

  2. Atlantic Immigration Program

  3. Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Program

  4. Provincial Nominations

  5. Start-up Visa

  6. Self-employed

  7. Family Sponsorship

  8. Agri-Food Pilot Program

  9. Francophone Immigration

  10. Quebec Immigration

We hope that this article has been helpful to you; if you want to talk to me to guide you through this process, write to me at 

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